Enhancing video streaming in vehicular networks via resource slicing

Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication is a key enabler that connects vehicles to neighboring vehicles, infrastructure and pedestrians. In the past few years, multimedia services have seen an enormous growth and it is expected to increase as more devices will utilize infotainment services in the future i.e. vehicular devices. Therefore, it is important to focus on user centric measures i.e. quality-of-experience (QoE) such as video quality (resolution) and fluctuations therein. In this paper, a novel joint video quality selection and resource allocation technique is proposed for increasing the QoE of vehicular devices. The proposed approach exploits the queuing dynamics and channel states of vehicular devices, to maximize the QoE while ensuring seamless video playback at the end users with high probability. The network wide QoE maximization problem is decoupled into two subparts. First, a network slicing based clustering algorithm is applied to partition the vehicles into multiple logical networks. Secondly, vehicle scheduling and quality selection is formulated as a stochastic optimization problem which is solved using the Lyapunov drift plus penalty method. Numerical results show that the proposed algorithm ensures high video quality experience compared to the baseline. Simulation results also show that the proposed technique achieves low latency and high-reliability communication.