Analysis of VANET Wireless Networking Technologies in Realistic Environments

Communication is essential to provide an intelligent services to connected cars. For operational services, connected vehicles in VANET (Vehicle Ad hoc Networks) regularly try to transfer large amounts of data for vehicular safety. Similarly, V2x (Vehicle-to-Everything) communication includes vehicles transferring information with each other and with infrastructure i.e., Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I) and Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) are proven to increase traffic safety and security as well as to enhance the efficiency of intelligent transportation system (ITS). Vehicular connectivity is provided using short-range technologies such as the IEEE 802.110 standard or cellular approaches, such as the 5G network. In this article, we consider combining these technologies in a cooperative manner and aiming at exploiting jointly their advantages. In this cooperative heterogeneous network, the IEEE 802.11p supports safety-related pilot use cases while the provision of non-safety-related pilot use cases are supported by the 5G test network.