The effect of titanium excess and deficiency on the microstructure and dielectric properties of lanthanum doped Ba0.55Sr0.45TiO3 with colossal permittivity

The temperature dependent dielectric properties of (Ba0.54875Sr0.44875La0.0025)Ti(1+x)O3 with both an excess and a deficiency of 0.25 mol.% TiO2 were investigated. The samples were prepared by the mixed oxide method and sintered in a conventional oven at temperatures ranging from 1400 °C to 1475 °C. The cubic perovskite structure was confirmed with XRD at room temperature. The sample with an excess of 0.25 mol.% Ti exhibited reduced grain growth while abnormal grain growth was observed for samples without Ti modification. Samples exhibited colossal permittivity for all modified compositions. With a 0.25 mol.% deficiency of Ti a permittivity over 65,000 and a tan δ under 0.05 were measured over a temperature range of −68 °C to 150 °C and a frequency range between 50 kHz and 1 MHz. This paper shows that by fine tuning the composition, materials with new, exciting and widely adjustable dielectric properties can be achieved.