Self-Energy Recycling for Low-Power Reliable Networks

Self-energy recycling (sER), which allows transmit energy reutilization, has emerged as a viable option for improving the energy efficiency (EE) in low-power Internet of Things networks. In this article, we investigate its benefits also in terms of reliability improvements and compare the performance of full-duplex (FD) and half-duplex (HD) schemes when using multiantenna techniques in a communication system. We analyze the tradeoffs when considering not only the energy spent on transmission but also the circuitry power consumption, thus making the analysis of much more practical interest. In addition to the well-known spectral efficiency improvements, results show that FD also outperforms HD in terms of reliability. We show that sER introduces not only benefits in EE matters but also some modifications on how to achieve maximum reliability fairness between uplink and downlink transmissions, which is the main goal in this article. In order to achieve this objective, we propose the use of a dynamic FD scheme where the small base station determines the optimal allocation of antennas for transmission and reception. We show the significant improvement gains of this strategy for the system outage probability when compared to the simple HD and FD schemes.