Polyethylene Terephthalate Textiles Enhance the Structural Maturation of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes
Human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have the potential to serve as a model for human cardiomyocytes. However, hiPSC-CMs are still considered immature. CMs differentiated from hiPSCs more resemble fetal than adult cardiomyocytes. Putative factors enhancing maturation include in vitro culture duration, culture surface topography, and mechanical, chemical, and electrical stimulation. Stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes are traditionally cultured on glass surfaces coated with extracellular matrix derivatives such as gelatin. hiPSC-CMs are flat and round and their sarcomeres are randomly distributed and unorganized. Morphology can be enhanced by culturing cells on surfaces providing topographical cues to the cells. In this study, a textile based-culturing method used to enhance the maturation status of hiPSC-CMs is presented. Gelatin-coated polyethylene terephthalate (PET)-based textiles were used as the culturing surface for hiPSC-CMs and the effects of the textiles on the maturation status of the hiPSC-CMs were assessed. The hiPSC-CMs were characterized by analyzing their morphology, sarcomere organization, expression of cardiac specific genes, and calcium handling. We show that the topographical cues improve the structure of the hiPSC-CMs in vitro. Human iPSC-CMs grown on PET textiles demonstrated improved structural properties such as rod-shape structure and increased sarcomere orientation.