Permutation Matrix Modulation

We propose a novel scheme that allows MIMO system to modulate a set of permutation matrices to send more information bits, extending our initial work on the topic. This system is called Permutation Matrix Modulation (PMM). The basic idea is to employ a permutation matrix as a precoder and treat it as a modulated symbol. We continue the evolution of index modulation in MIMO by adopting all-antenna activation and obtaining a set of unique symbols from altering the positions of the antenna transmit power. We provide the analysis of the achievable rate of PMM under Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) distribution and finite cardinality input (FCI). Numerical results are evaluated by comparing PMM with the other existing systems. We also present a way to attain the optimal achievable rate of PMM by solving a maximization problem via interior-point method. A low complexity detection scheme based on zero-forcing (ZF) is proposed, and maximum likelihood (ML) detection is discussed. We demonstrate the trade-off between simulation of the symbol error rate (SER) and the computational complexity where ZF performs worse in the SER simulation but requires much less computational complexity than ML.