Performance Analysis of Hybrid 5G-GNSS Localization
We consider a novel positioning solution combining millimeter wave (mmW) 5G and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technologies. The study is carried out theoretically by deriving the Fisher Information Matrix (FIM) of a combined 5G-GNSS positioning system and, subsequently, the position, rotation and clock-bias error lower bounds. We pursue a two-step approach, namely, computing first the FIM for the channel parameters, and then transforming it into the FIM of the position, rotation and clock-bias. The analysis shows advantages of the hybrid positioning in terms of i) localization accuracy, ii) coverage, iii) precise rotation estimation and iv) clock-error estimation. In other words, we demonstrate that a tight coupling of the two technologies can provide mutual benefits.