Outage Probability of One-Source-With-One- Helper Sensor Systems in Block Rayleigh Fading Multiple Access Channels

Two correlated sources are transmitted over a block Rayleigh fading multiple access channel (MAC), where information recovery from only one of the sources is aimed at, and the other is used as a helper which helps recover the source sequences at the destination. In this article, the successful transmission is defined as in the case the transmission rates satisfy the intersection of both the MAC region and the Slepian-Wolf (SW) region with a helper, referred to as h-SW region, even though it is a sufficient condition. Then, the outage is defined as the average probability that the two regions do not have an intersection. The explicit expressions of the outage probability of the system are derived, in the form of multiple integrals with respect to the probability density function of instantaneous signal-to-noise ratios of each link. To have an in-depth insight regarding the contributions of some special cases to the successful transmission probability, the occurrence probabilities of these cases are also evaluated. The results indicate that outage probabilities decrease as the correlation between the source and helper information increases. The impacts of geometric gains of each link and the correlation of each link’s fading variation are also considered. The most significant finding of this article is that h-SW over a MAC improves the throughput efficiency compared to the orthogonal transmission both in independent and correlated block Rayleigh fading channels without sacrificing the outage probability.