One-thumb Text Acquisition on Force-assisted Miniature Interfaces for Mobile Headsets
Touchscreen interfaces are shrinking and even dis-appearing on mobile headsets. The existing approaches for text acquisition on mobile headsets, for instance, speech commands and hand gestures, are cumbersome and coarse. In this paper, we show the feasibility of interaction on a miniature area as small as 12 * 13 mm 2 that offers an input alternative on small form-factor devices such as smartwatches, smart rings, or the spectacles frames of mobile headsets. To this end, we propose and implement two interaction approaches, namely FRS and DupleFR, for acquiring textual contents on mobile headsets. Both approaches leverage force-assisted interaction on a miniature-size interface. They enable the user to acquire textual content with various granularities such as characters, words, sentences, paragraphs, and the entire text. After 8 sessions, 22 participants with FRS and DupleFR achieve the peak performance of respectively 11.455 and 10.611 seconds per textual acquisition with accuracy rates of 91.41% and 94.95%. Although FRS and DupleFR as indirect manipulations are disadvantageous, they are at least 37.06% faster than the commercial standards designated to direct manipulation on touchscreens.