Native oxide formation on pentagonal copper nanowires

Hydrothermally synthesized copper nanowires were allowed to oxidize in air at room temperature and 30% constant humidity for the period of 22 days. The growth of native oxide layer was followed up by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and diffraction to reveal and understand the kinetics of the oxidation process. Copper oxides appear in the form of differently oriented crystalline phases around the metallic core as a shell-like layer (Cu2O) and as nanoscopic islands (CuO) on the top of that. Time dependent oxide thickness data suggests that oxidation follows the field-assisted growth model at the beginning of the process, as practically immediately an oxide layer of ∼2.8 nm thickness develops on the surface. However, after this initial rapid growth, the local field attenuates and the classical parabolic diffusion limited growth plays the main role in the oxidation. Because of the single crystal facets on the side surface of penta-twinned Cu nanowires, the oxidation rate in the diffusion limited regime is lower than in polycrystalline films.

Hajimammadov Rashad, Mohl Melinda, Kordas Krisztian

A1 Journal article – refereed

Rashad Hajimammadov, Melinda Mohl & Krisztian Kordas. Native oxide formation on pentagonal copper nanowires: A TEM study. In Surface Science, Volumes 672–673, 2018, Pages 19-22, ISSN 0039-6028.