Mission Effective Capacity: A Novel Dependability Metric

Various industrial Internet of Things applications demand execution periods throughout which no communication failure is tolerated. However the classical understanding of reliability in the context of ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC) does not reflect on the time-varying characteristics of the wireless channel. In this article we introduce a novel mission reliability and mission effective capacity metric that takes these phenomena medium into account while specifically studying multiconnectivity (MC)-enabled industrial radio systems. We assume uplink short packet transmission with no channel state information at URLLC user (the transmitter) and sporadic traffic arrival. Moreover we leverage the existing framework of dependability theory and provide closed-form expressions (CFEs) for the mission reliability of the MC system using the maximal-ratio combining scheme. We do so by utilizing the mean time to first failure which is the expected time of failure occurring for the first time. Moreover we also derive exact CFEs for second-order statistics such as level crossing rate and average fade duration showing how fades are distributed in fading channels with respect to time. Furthermore the design throughput maximization problem under the mission reliability constraint is solved numerically through the cross-entropy method.