Latency-aware Reliable mmWave Communication via Multi-point Connectivity
The sensitivity of millimeter-wave (mmWave) radio channel to blockage is a fundamental challenge in achieving low-latency and reliable connectivity. In this paper, we explore the viability of using coordinated multi-point (CoMP) transmission for a delay bounded and reliable mmWave communication. We provide an iterative algorithm for the time-average sum-power-minimization problem by solving a system of Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) optimality conditions. We use the Lyapunov optimization framework and derive a dynamic control algorithm to transform a time-average stochastic problem into a sequence of deterministic subproblems. Furthermore, for the robust beamformer design, we consider a pessimistic estimate of the user-specific rate, assuming that a portion of CoMP links would be blocked during the data transmission phase, while ensuring the average latency requirements. The numerical examples illustrate that in the presence of random blockages, the proposed method outperforms baseline scenarios and results in energy-efficient, high-reliability and low-latency mmWave communication.