Joint User Identification and Channel Estimation via Exploiting Spatial Channel Covariance in mMTC
Grant-free random access is a key enabler in massive machine-type communications (mMTC) to reduce signalling overhead and latency thereby improving the energy efficiency. One of its main challenges lies in joint user activity identification and channel estimation (JUICE). Due to the sporadic mMTC traffic, JUICE can be solved as a compressive sensing (CS) problem. We address CS-based JUICE in uplink with single-antenna transmitters and a multiantenna base station under spatially correlated fading channels. We formulate a novel CS problem that utilizes prior information on the second order statistics of the channel of each user to improve the performance. We propose a method based on alternating direction method of multipliers to solve the JUICE efficiently. The simulation results show that the proposed method significantly improves the user identification accuracy and channel estimation performance with lower signalling overhead as compared to the baseline schemes.