Interference and Coverage Analysis for Terahertz Networks With Indoor Blockage Effects and Line-of-Sight Access Point Association
Providing high-bandwidth and fast-speed links, wireless local area networks (WLANs) in the Terahertz (THz) band have huge potential for various bandwidth-intensive indoor applications. However, due to the specific phenomena in the THz band, including severe reflection loss, indoor blockage effects, multi-path fading, the analysis on the interference and coverage probability at a downlink is challenging. In this paper, indoor blockage effects caused by the walls and human bodies are analyzed. Next, a statistical THz channel model is proposed to characterize the THz indoor propagation. In light of these, the moment generating functions of the aggregated interference and theoretical expressions for the mean interference power are derived. As a result, the approximated coverage probability and average network throughput are derived. Extensive numerical results show that for the nearest access point (nearest-AP) user association scheme, the optimal AP density is 0.15/m 2, which results in the coverage probability reaches 93% and the average network throughput is 30 Gbps/m 2. In addition, by adopting a novel line-of-sight access point (LoS-AP) user association mechanism, the coverage probability and the average network throughput can be further improved by 3 percent and 2 Gbps/m 2, respectively.