Informative Class-Conditioned Feature Alignment for Unsupervised Domain Adaptation
The goal of unsupervised domain adaptation is to learn a task classifier that performs well for the unlabeled target domain by borrowing rich knowledge from a well-labeled source domain. Although remarkable breakthroughs have been achieved in learning transferable representation across domains, two bottlenecks remain to be further explored. First, many existing approaches focus primarily on the adaptation of the entire image, ignoring the limitation that not all features are transferable and informative for the object classification task. Second, the features of the two domains are typically aligned without considering the class labels; this can lead the resulting representations to be domain-invariant but non-discriminative to the category. To overcome the two issues, we present a novel Informative Class-Conditioned Feature Alignment (IC2FA) approach for UDA, which utilizes a twofold method: informative feature disentanglement and class-conditioned feature alignment, designed to address the above two challenges, respectively. More specifically, to surmount the first drawback, we cooperatively disentangle the two domains to obtain informative transferable features; here, Variational Information Bottleneck (VIB) is employed to encourage the learning of task-related semantic representations and suppress task-unrelated information. With regard to the second bottleneck, we optimize a new metric, termed Conditional Sliced Wasserstein Distance (CSWD), which explicitly estimates the intra-class discrepancy and the inter-class margin. The intra-class and inter-class CSWDs are minimized and maximized, respectively, to yield the domain-invariant discriminative features. IC2FA equips class-conditioned feature alignment with informative feature disentanglement and causes the two procedures to work cooperatively, which facilitates informative discriminative features adaptation. Extensive experimental results on three domain adaptation datasets confirm the superiority of IC2FA.