Hyperbolic Deep Neural Networks
Recently hyperbolic deep neural networks (HDNNs) have been gaining momentum as the deep representations in the hyperbolic space provide high fidelity embeddings with few dimensions especially for data possessing hierarchical structure. Such a hyperbolic neural architecture is quickly extended to many different scientific fields including natural language processing single-cell RNA-sequence analysis graph embedding financial analysis and computer vision. The promising results demonstrate its superior capability significant compactness of the model and a substantially better physical interpretability than its counterpart in the Euclidean space. To stimulate future research this paper presents a coherent and a comprehensive review of the literature around the neural components in the construction of HDNN as well as the generalization of the leading deep approaches to the hyperbolic space. It also presents current applications of various tasks together with insightful observations and identifying open questions and promising future directions.