How many beams does sub-THz channel support

Antenna, radio frequency (RF) circuit, algorithm, and system researchers on sub-THz RF are interested in knowing characteristics of corresponding radio channels. Among other things, a relevant question is the number of beams supported by the channel. From wideband directional propagation measurements one can estimate how many significant paths are present in a measurement location, but interpreting that to separable beams is not trivial. In this letter, we introduce three methods to approximate the number of beams that a measured power angular delay profile can support. We show also example evaluations and distribution functions of beam numbers, estimated from indoor D-band measurement data.