End-to-End Dual-Branch Network Towards Synthetic Speech Detection
Synthetic speech attacks bring more threats to Automatic Speaker Verification (ASV) systems, thus many synthetic speech detection (SSD) systems have been proposed to help the ASV system resist synthetic speech attacks. However, existing SSD systems still lack the generalization ability for the attacks generated by unknown synthesis algorithms. This letter proposes an end-to-end ensemble system, namely Dual-Branch Network, in which linear frequency cepstral coefficients (LFCC) and constant Q transform (CQT) are used as the input of two branches respectively. In addition, four fusion strategies are compared for the fusion of two branches to obtain an optimal one; multi-task learning and convolutional block attention module (CBAM) are introduced into the Dual-Branch Network to help the network learn the common forgery features from different forgery types of speech and enhance the representation power of learned features. Experimental results on the ASVspoof 2019 logical access (LA) dataset demonstrate that the proposed system outperforms existing state-of-the-art systems on both t-DCF and EER scores and has good generalization for unknown forgery types of synthetic speech.