Demand control management in microgrids

This paper studies how the communication network between proactive consumers affects the power utilization and fairness in a simplified direct-current microgrid model, composed of three coupled layers: physical (an electric circuit that represents a microgrid), communication (a peer-to-peer network within the microgrid), and regulatory (individual decision strategies). Our results show that, for optimal power utilization and fairness, a global knowledge about the system is needed, demonstrating the importance of a microgrid aggregator to inform about the power consumption for different time periods.