Closed-Form Expression for the Average Age of Information in a Multi-Source M/G/1 Queueing Model

In the context of the next generation wireless networks, freshness of status update packets is essential for enabling the services where a destination needs the most recent measurements of various sensors. In this paper, we study the information freshness of a multi-source M/G/1 first-come first-served (FCFS) queueing model, where each source independently generates status update packets according to a Poisson process. The information freshness of the status updates of each source is evaluated using the average age of information (AoI). To this end, we derive a closed-form expression for the average AoI of each source. As particular cases of our general expressions, we also derive closed-form expressions of the average AoI for both multi-source M/M/1 and single-source M/G/1 queueing models.