Browser based 3D for the built environment

Digital 3D geometric models have become a central tool for geo-information. For many participatory and collaborative applications, distributing these models easily is essential. Several technical solutions exist for creating online systems that facilitate the study of 3D models in the context of the built environment. To provide an overview on browser based interactive 3D visualizations, we present a set of existing systems applied in Finland, and discuss their common properties and differences. To obtain first-hand experience, we experiment with an online 3D application development platform. The systems studied show a high potential for browser based 3D applications: interactive visualizations with multi-user characteristics and dynamic elements can be built by leveraging the 3D web technologies. Finally, we suggest a framework for discussing browser based 3D systems, covering the spectrum of possibilities available in modern web-based 3D for built environment applications.

Virtanen Juho-Pekka, Hyyppä Hannu, Kurkela Matti, Vaaja Matti T, Puustinen Tuulia, Jaalama Kaisa, Julin Arttu, Pouke Matti, Kukko Antero, Turppa Tuomas, Zhu Lingli, Ojala Timo, Hyyppä Juha

A1 Journal article – refereed

Virtanen, J.-P., Hyyppä, H., Kurkela, M., Vaaja, M., Puustinen, T., Jaalama, K., Julin, A., Pouke, M., Kukko, A., Turppa, T., Zhu, L., Ojala, T., & Hyyppä, J. (2018). Browser based 3D for the built environment. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, 13(1), 54-76.