Beyond 5G RIS mmWave Systems
Upcoming beyond fifth generation (5G) communications systems aim at further enhancing key performance indicators and fully supporting brand-new use cases by embracing emerging techniques e.g. reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) integrated communication localization and sensing and mmWave/THz communications. The wireless intelligence empowered by state-of-the-art artificial intelligence techniques has been widely considered at the transceivers and now the paradigm is deemed to be shifted to the smart control of radio propagation environment by virtue of RISs. In this paper we argue that to harness the full potential of RISs localization and communication must be tightly coupled. This is in sharp contrast to 5G and earlier generations where localization was a minor additional service. To support this we first introduce the fundamentals of RIS mmWave channel modeling followed by RIS channel state information acquisition and link establishment. Then we deal with the connection between localization and communications from a separate and joint perspective.