Beyond 5G Low-Power Wide-Area Networks
In this paper, we deliver a discussion regarding the role of Low-Power Wide-Area Networks (LPWAN) in the cellular Internet-of-Things (IoT) infrastructure to support massive Machine-Type Communications (mMTC) in next-generation wireless systems beyond 5G. We commence by presenting a performance analysis of current LPWAN systems, specifically LoRaWAN, in terms of coverage and throughput. The results obtained using analytic methods and network simulations are combined in the paper for getting a more comprehensive vision. Next, we identify possible performance bottlenecks, speculate on the characteristics of coming IoT applications, and seek to identify potential enhancements to the current technologies that may overcome the identified shortcomings.