Bayesian Inference Federated Learning for Heart Rate Prediction

The advances of sensing and computing technologies pave the way to develop novel applications and services for wearable devices. For example, wearable devices measure heart rate, which accurately reflects the intensity of physical exercise. Therefore, heart rate prediction from wearable devices benefits users with optimization of the training process. Conventionally, Cloud collects user data from wearable devices and conducts inference. However, this paradigm introduces significant privacy concerns. Federated learning is an emerging paradigm that enhances user privacy by remaining the majority of personal data on users’ devices. In this paper, we propose a statistically sound, Bayesian inference federated learning for heart rate prediction with autoregression with exogenous variable (ARX) model. The proposed privacy-preserving method achieves accurate and robust heart rate prediction. To validate our method, we conduct extensive experiments with real-world outdoor running exercise data collected from wearable devices.